Belgian-born Pierre Deligne named Abel Prize winner
The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters has decided to award the Abel Prize for 2013 to Pierre Deligne, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, New Jersey, USA. He receives the Abel Prize “for seminal contributions to algebraic geometry and for their transformative impact on number theory, representation theory, and related fields”, to quote the Abel committee. The Academy’s President, Kirsti Strøm Bull, made the announcement today, 20 March. Deligne will receive the Abel Prize from H.M. King Harald at an award ceremony in Oslo on the 21st of May.
The Abel Prize recognizes contributions of extraordinary depth and influence to the mathematical sciences and has been awarded annually since 2003. It carries a cash award of NOK 6,000,000 (about EUR 800,000 or USD 1 million).
Pierre Deligne is a research mathematician who has excelled in finding connections between various fields of mathematics. His research has led to several important discoveries. Deligne’s best known achievement is his spectacular solution of the last and deepest of the Weil conjectures. This earned him both the Fields Medal (1978) and the Crafoord Prize (1988), the latter jointly with Alexandre Grothendieck.
Deligne’s brilliant proof of the Weil conjecture made him famous in the mathematical world at an early age. This first achievement was followed by several others that demonstrate the extreme variety as well as the difficulty of the techniques involved and the inventiveness of the methods. He is best known for his work in algebraic geometry and number theory, but he has also made major contributions to several other domains of mathematics.
The Abel Committee says: “Deligne’s powerful concepts, ideas, results and methods continue to influence the development of algebraic geometry, as well as mathematics as a whole”.
Pierre Deligne was born in 1944 in Brussels, Belgium. He is Professor Emeritus in the School of Mathematics at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, USA. Deligne came to Princeton in 1984 from Institut des Hautes Études Scientifiques (IHÉS) at Bures-sur-Yvette near Paris, France, where he was appointed its youngest ever permanent member in 1970.
Deligne was only 12 when he started to read his brother’s university math books. His interest prompted a high-school math teacher, J. Nijs, to lend him several volumes of “Éléments de mathématique” by Nicolas Bourbaki, the pseudonymous grey eminence of French mathematics. For the 14-year old Deligne this became a life changing experience. His father wanted him to become an engineer and to pursue a career that would afford him a good living. But Deligne knew early on that he should do what he loved, and what he loved was mathematics. He went to the University of Brussels with the ambition of becoming a high school teacher, and of pursuing mathematics as a hobby for his own personal enjoyment. There, as a student of Jacques Tits, Deligne was pleased to discover that, as he says, “one could earn one’s living by playing, i.e. by doing research in mathematics”.
Pierre Deligne has received many distinguished international awards. He was awarded the Fields Medal at the International Congress of Mathematicians in Helsinki in 1978. Other prizes include the above mentioned Crafoord Prize (1988) from the Royal Swedish Academy of Science and the Balzan Prize in Mathematics (2004). In 2008 Deligne was awarded the Wolf Prize in Mathematics, jointly with P. Griffiths and D. Mumford.
In 2006 Deligne was honoured by King Albert II of Belgium, who made him a Viscount.
Pierre Deligne is an honorary member of the Moscow Mathematical Society and of the London Mathematical Society. He is a foreign honorary member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and a member of the American Philosophical Society. He is also a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.
The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters deeply mourns the sudden death of John Forbes Nash Jr. and Alicia Nash. On Tuesday May 19th, John Forbes Nash Jr. and Louis Nirenberg received the Abel Prize in mathematics from His Majesty King Harald. The Academy was greatly honoured that both laureates and their wives came to Norway to receive the Abel Prize for 2015. After memorable days with the Abel Prize ceremony in Oslo and Abel Prize lectures in Oslo and Bergen, it is deeply tragic that John Forbes Nash Jr. and Alicia Nash passed away during their journey home. Our heartfelt condolences go to the family of John F. and Alicia Nash.(26.05.2015) More
John F. Nash, Jr., who together with Louis Nirenberg received the Abel Prize on Tuesday 19 May, was killed in a taxi accident on the New Jersey Turnpike on Saturday afternoon local time. Nash (86) and his wife Alicia (82) were on their way home after a week of Abel celebrations in Oslo and Bergen when they were both killed in the car crash.(25.05.2015) More
John F. Nash Jr. and Louis Nirenberg received the 2015 Abel Prize from His Majesty King Harald V at the award ceremony in Oslo on 19 May. The two American mathematicians receive the prize "for striking and seminal contributions to the theory of nonlinear partial differential equations and its applications to geometric analysis." The laureates share the 6 mill NOK (about EUR 700,000 or USD 750,000) prize money.(20.05.2015) More
When the Abel laureates John F. Nash Jr. and Louis Nirenberg arrive in Oslo they can look forward to a week of mathematical celebrations in Oslo and Bergen. The highlight will be when they receive the Abel Prize from H.M. the King at the award ceremony on the 19th of May in the University Aula in Oslo. Earlier the same day they will be received in audience at the Royal Palace. The Abel Banquet at Akershus Castle will be hosted by Torbjørn Røe Isaksen, Minister of Education and Research.(11.05.2015) More
Frank Morgan, Atwell Professor of Mathematics at Williams College, will give this year's Science Lecture titled "Soap Bubbles and Mathematics" at the University of Oslo on May 20th. Soap bubbles, with applications from cappuccino to universes, illustrate some fundamental questions in mathematics. The show will include some demonstrations.(05.05.2015) More